July 24, 2021 2:21 pm

Politics

Religion: Pro or anti-peace?

Religion: Pro or anti-peace?

Politics
According to David Rapoport religious extremism is the fourth wave of terrorism that started in 1979, which is close to the Islamic revolution in Iran, the Soviet invasion in Afghanistan, and the storming and occupation of grand mosque in Mecca. Since then, there have been many religious groups involved in terrorism, for example Islamic extremist groups in different countries including the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) as a global threat to humanity, Sikhs in Punjab from their holy temple in India, Jewish religious terrorists such those who murdered Yitzhak Rabin in Tel Aviv, Christian groups such as anti-abortion militants and those responsible for the attack of the Tokyo subway. Looking into these examples, one can barely argue that religion has not been used as an active ...
Afghanistan will have no peace without pressure on Pakistan

Afghanistan will have no peace without pressure on Pakistan

Politics
Forty-two years have passed since the start of nonstop imposed conflicts in Afghanistan. During this period, several attempts have been made to stabilize the country and to restore sustainable peace there. However, each peace effort has failed or stalled, including the Doha Agreement recently, which the United States under the Trump administration and the Taliban signed in February 2020. This expedient measure that intended to serve the former president’s electoral goals excluded the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan as a principal stakeholder in the U.S.-Taliban talks that produced a fragile deal. But it coerced the Islamic Republic into making an unprecedented concession: the release of over 5,500 Taliban prisoners. In exchange, the Taliban was supposed to start meaningful “intra-Af...
Importance of safeguarding institutions in the Afghan Peace Process

Importance of safeguarding institutions in the Afghan Peace Process

Politics
Talks between the government of Afghanistan and the Taliban were due in March 2020, a month after the US signed a deal with the Taliban to end the United States’ longest war. Though this process is yet to begin, several events have transpired during the past few months, paving the way for direct talks between the government of Afghanistan and the Taliban. The latest took place this month at a grand assembly called "Loya Jirga" convened in Kabul to recommend the release of 400 Taliban prisoners – all of whom had committed major atrocities. The difficult decision taken by the Loya Jirga and the government of Afghanistan to release the prisoners was highly appreciated by Afghanistan's international partners and NATO allies who are renewing their commitment for a unified, sovereign, and democr...
Effective representation is a proud, but difficult job

Effective representation is a proud, but difficult job

Politics
An exclusive interview with Ambassador Said Tayeb Jawad Interviewer:    Parwiz Kawa 8AM Daily – Kabul | Translated by:     A. Naveed Noormal Q: Diplomatic institution of Afghanistan has always been seen as an institution for exile and a privilege to Afghan politicians, and has rarely been recognized as a body to reflect and implement foreign policy of Afghanistan. What do you think of the Foreign Policy Institution of Afghanistan? Jawad: Fortunately, in the last two decades the Foreign Policy Institution of Afghanistan has significantly changed and has improved fairly well, and has also trained and presented a good number of intelligent and effective diplomats. Compare to other regional countries diplomats, in most regional and international diplomatic meetings, I feel proud of our ...
Privatisation of War is a big No for Afghanistan says Afghan Diplomat Naveed Noormal

Privatisation of War is a big No for Afghanistan says Afghan Diplomat Naveed Noormal

Politics
An Interview with Afghan Diplomat Naveed Noormal about Erik Prince's Proposal for Privatisation of War in Afghanistan, after his counter with Erik on the Head to Head Talk show in Oxford Interviewer: Mariam Amini Why does Afghanistan's firmly reject the plan that Erik Prince is proposing to the Trump administration? The plan is not only rejected by Afghanistan, but also many international partners including some key figures in the US. Former Secretary James Mattis said “When Americans put their nation's credibility on the line, privatizing is probably not a wise idea”. To address your question, I will respond to it with three points. First, the core objective of US forces and NATO in Afghanistan is to fight terrorism, help Afghanistan to build a sovereign and democratic state, and...
Conflict of Baluchistan: An overview of root causes

Conflict of Baluchistan: An overview of root causes

Politics
Background The landscape of Baluchistan is comprised of an area over half a million square kilometers in the southeastern part of the Iran plateau, south of the central deserts and the Helmand river. The Baluchs are the main ethnic group in the province, followed by Pashtuns. The majority of the inhabitants are Sunni Muslims. A small number of Shia’s and Hindus also reside in the province. The province is divided between three countries: Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran. The largest part of Baluchistan belongs to Pakistan. In spite of the natural resources in the Baluchistan province including chromites, fluorite, marble, gold, gas, iron and petroleum which are of prominent importance , it has remained one of the poorest provinces in Pakistan. The province has been marginalized throughout h...
Is Afghanistan Really a “Fantastically Corrupt” Country?

Is Afghanistan Really a “Fantastically Corrupt” Country?

Politics
When British Prime Minister David Cameron was overheard calling Afghanistan and Nigeria “fanatically corrupt” countries on the eve of an anti-corruption summit in London, the incident was labeled as “embarrassing” and “unfair” by some in both countries. Afghanistan’s president, Dr. Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai, said he did not have a problem with Cameron’s statement, but added that he was elected “on a mandate to make transparency, accountability and rule of law the imperative.” Moreover, he said the West’s demand for narcotics is one of the major sources of corruption in Afghanistan. The question that arises is who is responsible? Is it the previous government? The international community? The current government, or a combination of the above? After all, a country does not ...
Conflict Analysis: Afghanistan 2001-15

Conflict Analysis: Afghanistan 2001-15

Politics
Introduction Since the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001, considerable international attention has been directed towards Afghanistan. Key instruments in support of the new government in Afghanistan and its people have been military operations through the United States of America (US), the International Security Assistance Forces (ISAF), The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and international development cooperation. The strategies and approaches of the international community have shifted over time, but international development has remained one of the foundations in promoting security, combating terrorism, reducing poverty, promoting democracy and state-building, and fostering gender equality. The war after 2001 in Afghanistan refers to the intervention of the North Atlantic Tr...